The phenomenon of “cross-border shopping,” in which Canadians would take day trips to U.S. border towns to use duty-free goods and a high Canadian dollar, caused a mini-boom for these cities. The loss of many Canadian jobs, particularly in Ontario`s manufacturing industry during the recession of the early 1990s, was attributed (fairly or not) to the free trade agreement. 11. Executive Order 11651 of 3 March 1972 (textile agreements) established the Committee for the Implementation of Textile Agreements (CITA), made up of representatives of the ministries, the Ministry of Finance, Trade and Labour, as well as the USTR office, representing the Ministry of Commerce, as President, to oversee the implementation of textile trade agreements. In accordance with Title 301, United States Code, public servants who perform these functions jointly are public servants who must be appointed by the President with the approval of the Council and the Senate when performing duties entrusted by law to the President and are entrusted by the President. The debate in Canada on the implementation of the negotiated agreement was very controversial. Canada`s opposition Liberal Party, led by John Turner, strongly opposed the agreement and said it would “tear it apart” if it became Prime Minister. The opposition New Democratic Party, led by Ed Broadbent, also strongly opposed the agreement. Both parties criticized the fact that the agreement would infringe On Canadian sovereignty and argued that Canada would effectively become the “51st state” of the United States if the agreement were implemented. They also expressed concern about how Canada`s social programs and other trade agreements such as the Auto Pact would be affected.  A series of government studies have increasingly drawn attention to the possibility of bilateral free trade negotiations: Looking Outwards (1975) by the Economic Council of Canada; several reports of the Senate Standing Committee on Foreign Affairs (1975, 1978 and 1982); and the 1985 Macdonald Commission report (formally the Royal Commission for Economic Union and Development Prospects for Canada), chaired by former Liberal politician Donald Stovel Macdonald. Macdonald said that “Canadians should be prepared to leap faith” and pursue more open trade with the United States.
Although Macdonald was a former Liberal finance minister, the Commission`s results were adopted by Prime Minister Brian Mulroney`s Progressive Conservative Party, although they voted against a free trade initiative during the 1984 Canadian election campaign. The milestones for the start of free trade negotiations have been laid.  to contribute to the harmonious development and expansion of world trade and to create a catalyst for greater international cooperation, and over the next two decades, a number of academic economists have studied the impact of a free trade agreement between the two countries. Some of them , Ronald Wonnacott and Paul Wonnacott, and Richard G. Harris and David Cox – concluded that Canada`s real GDP would increase significantly if U.S. and Canadian tariffs and other trade barriers were eliminated and that Canadian industry could produce on a larger and more efficient scale. Other free trade economists were John Whalley of the University of Western Ontario and Richard Lipsey of the C. D. Howe Institute.
 The first part of the bill, which deals with general implementation, contains six clauses. Finally, section 15 gives the Governor of the Council the power to pass a number of benefit suspension orders or obligations, as provided for in section 31 of the CTA.