This working paper (in French) by Mohamed Khachani analyses cooperation between the European Union and Morocco in the areas of return, readmission and reintegration. It is part of a series of documents designed to gather analysis from civil society on the impact of past and current eu-Africa cooperation and its recommendations for future cooperation to inform EU policy debates. The document also contains an analysis of readmission policy in Morocco, including the attitude of political actors, the media and public opinion towards readmission. It illustrates the different approaches taken by Morocco and the EU on return, including the link between migration, unemployment and development, or the proposal for Morocco to welcome third-country nationals who have transited through Morocco. It concludes recommendations on the future of relations between the EU and Morocco, including return. The discussion paper was published ahead of a visit by Commissioner Johannson and the Commissioner to Morocco to discuss readmission, visa facilitation and migration. This document raises the question of the type of cooperation that the EU should follow with third countries. Since current approaches are not new, the authors outline the lessons of the EU`s long cooperation with Morocco to inform the current debate. They argue that the lessons learned from cooperation with Morocco show the limited feasibility and adequacy of the EU`s approach to third countries and that cooperation with third countries should not come at the expense of migrants` rights. Instead, they should open regular channels for asylum seekers and not link readmission to other areas of EU external action, on the “more for more” principle. Closer cooperation with third countries is one of the EU`s key responses to the refugee crisis. This cooperation focuses on the readmission of irregular persons to the EU, on border surveillance and control, and on the reception of refugees in third countries. The document provides an overview of the bilateral readmission agreements between Morocco and EU Member States and the number of people affected by the agreements.
It summarizes the results of available research on the conditions of returnees, which highlight the considerable differences between those who have the right to think and those who are forcibly reinstated for their socio-economic reintegration or their desire to re-emigrate. Ceps Papers in Liberty and Security in Europe presents the views and critical reflections of CEPS researchers and external staff on key policy debates on the construction of the EU`s area of freedom, security and justice. The series includes policy-oriented and interdisciplinary scientific studies and comments on the impact of judicial and domestic policies in Europe and elsewhere in the world. . Authors: S. Carrera, J-P. Cassarino, N. El Qadim, M. Lahlou and L. den Hertog Series: Liberty and Security in Europe No. per p. 20 .
Sergio Carrera / Jean-Pierre Cassarino / Nora El Qadim / Mehdi Lahlou / Leonhard den Hertog Sergio Carrera is senior Research Fellow and head of the Justice and Home Affairs Department at CEPS; Jean-Pierre Cassarino researches at the Contemporary Maghreb Research Institute (IRMC, Tunis); Nora El Qadim is a professor at the University of Paris 8, Mehdi Lahlou is Professor of Economics at the National Institute of Statistics and Applied Economics (INSEA) in Rabat, Leonhard the Hertog is TRANSMIC Postdoctorand in the Justice and Home Affairs Section at CEPS.