The free movement of people is a fundamental right that the EU guarantees to its citizens. It allows any EU citizen to travel, work and live in any EU country without any special formalities. Schengen cooperation strengthens this freedom by allowing citizens to cross internal borders without being subject to border controls. The borderless Schengen area guarantees the free movement of more than 400 million EU citizens, as well as many non-EU nationals, businessmen, tourists and others legally residing in the EU. As shown in the table above, since many procedures are optional, border guards have a discretion in deciding the severity with which they control travellers at border crossings at the external border. As a result, the duration of schengen country checks varies. Under previous regulations (which have only been subject to “minimum control” for EU, EEA or Swiss citizens), an entry check lasted on average about five seconds for an EU, EEA or Swiss citizen in Italy, while in Norway it lasted on average about one minute.  The differences between the controls of third-country nationals (which are subject to more in-depth monitoring) are even greater. For example, an entry examination of a Schedule II national in Greece lasts on average about 15 seconds, whereas in Slovakia it lasts on average three to five minutes.
  Similarly, an entry examination of a Schedule I national in the Netherlands lasts on average between 30 and 60 seconds, whereas in Latvia it lasts on average about two to five minutes.  Czech Prime Minister Andrej Babié said in early March: “European countries cannot ban the entry of Italian citizens into the Schengen area. The only way is for the Italian Prime Minister to ask his fellow citizens not to go to other countries of the European Union.  Passport marks are never issued in case of travel between Schengen Member States, even though border controls between Schengen Member States are temporarily restored.  EU and EFTA citizens travelling within the Schengen area are not required to present passports, identity documents or other identity documents at an internal border, but the legislation of most countries continues to require them to carry national identity documents and submit them to a person mandated upon request.  Other nationals are subject to different rules.  It is the duty of all those travelling within the territory to be able to present a form of full-fledged personal identification accepted by other Schengen states, usually a form issued by the State.   Schengen visa insurance is intended for emergency protection, medical or otherwise, while on the move. The minimum level of Schengen visa insurance that you must use to obtain a visa is 30,000 euros. Without them, you would not be able to travel between the European countries covered by the Schengen agreements.